Health Impact Assessment

Health Impact Assessments

A Health Impact Assessment (HAI) evaluates the potential human health effects of new policies, programs, or development projects (such as mines) through the use of existing public health surveillance data, medical literature reviews, and field studies.  HIAs are conducted as part of the Environmental Impact Assessment process in permitting a mine  or other large-scale development.  The state of Alaska does not require HIAs, but views them as  one aspect of a “best practices” approach to responsible development.   For examples of HIAs conducted in Alaska, visit the Health Impact Project’s map of all the HIAs conducted in the United States.

Types of HIA:

  • Source: World Health Organization

    Desktop assessment collects and analyzes existing data to provide an overview of health impacts. It is completed in a matter of weeks.

  • Rapid Assessment compiles existing information, catalogs data gaps about the baseline health status of potentially impacted communities, and makes recommendations.  The rapid assessment process takes several months.
  • Comprehensive Assessment is essentially a Rapid Assessment along with research that fills in the data gaps. It can take upwards of a year to complete.

HIA resources

Alaska Health Impact Assessment (HIA) Program Contact Information

3601 C Street, Suite 540
Anchorage, Alaska 99503
phone: 907-269-8000
fax: 907-562-7802

Paul Anderson M.D., M.P.H.
HIA Program Manager

Sarah Yoder
HIA Project Manager


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